name: Oncifelis geoffroyi
(d’Orbigny & Grvais, 1843)
Common name: Geoffroy’s
Behavior: Nocturnal and solitary
Habitat: savanna, dry shrubland, savanna wetland, but mainly the
tropical and subtropical forests (including riverine forests).
Diet: Carnivore, mainly small
vertebrates like rodents and birds.
Geographic distribution: from
the south of Texas to the Patagonia in Argentina (except the Andes).
In Brazil, they occur throughout the territory, except in Rio Grande
Breeding: gestation period is
70 to 76 days, and the average litter is 2 or 3, once a year.
Description: A small species,
averaging 58 cm long (43 to 70cm), with a long tail averaging 32
cm (24 to 36cm), and average weight around 4kg (2-6kg). Flexible
body, the coat ranging from light gray to ochre-yellow, with innumerable
dark spots that do not form rosettes. Limbs and tail present dark
stripes, and the base of the neck and the dorsal region have fine
dark stripes. Melanism is quite common.
Status: On IBAMA’s Official
List of Endangered Brazilian Mammals, CITES appendix II.
Main Threats: In the past, the
pelts were very much appreciated in the fur market. Currently the
main threat is habitat destruction.