name: Leopardus Wiedii (d’Orbigny & Grvais, 1843)
Common name: Margay (Gato maracajá,
gato do mato)
Behavior: nocturnal, arboreal,
Habitat: savanna, dry shrubland,
savanna wetland, but mainly tropical and subtropical forests (including
Diet: Carnivore, mainly small
vertebrate like rodents and birds, but also fruit and seeds in a
Geographic distribution: from
north of Mexico down to Uruguay and the north of Argentina (except
the Andes). In Brazil it occurs in all regions, from the Amazon
basin to the South, in every remaining forests.
Breeding: gestation period is
81 to 84 days, litter of one kitten.
Description: A small species,
like a miniature Leopardus Pardalis, can even be easily confused
with it. The average weight is 3kg (2-5kg). Head and body measure
approximately 53cm (46-62). The most striking features are its large
and protuberant eyes, a projecting muzzle, large paws and quite
a long tail, that accounts for almost 40% of its body length (30-48cm).
Coat color ranges from yellow-gray to ochre-brown, with large, sparse
rosettes, complete and largely spread on the sides. Nuchal hairs
are thrust towards the head. The animal can sit on its hind legs.
Status: On IBAMA’s Official
List of Endangered Brazilian Mammals, CITES appendix II, Not very
well known by UICN
Main Threats: In the past, it
has been heavily exploited for its fur. However, habitat destruction
is now the primary threat to reduced populations.