name: Oncifelis colocolo (Molina, 1810)
Common name: Pampas cat (Gato-palheiro,
Behavior: mainly nocturnal and
crepuscular, terrestrial, solitary;
Habitat: flatlands of the South,
savanna, savanna wetland, swamps and flooded areas (open areas).
In other countries, it may occur in tropical forests.
Diet: Carnivore, mainly small
vertebrate: rodents and ground-dwelling birds.
distribution: from Ecuador and Peru, in the Andes, to the
southernmost part of the continent. In Brazil, it is believed to
occur from Rio Grande do Sul, part of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso
do Sul, and Central Brazil, to the southeast of Piauí, west
of Bahia and Minas Gerais.
Breeding: gestation period is
80 to 85 days, average litter is 2 (1-3).
Description: Medium sized species, averaging 63 cm in length
(49 to 77cm), with a long tail ranging from 28 to 59cm (average
42 cm), average weight of 5,2kg (3-7kg).
The body is elongated with a small, flat head and small rounded
ears. Limbs are relatively short. Coat color is uniform, ranging
from dapple-gray to red-orange to gray, with dark stripes on the
limbs and dark blotches on the belly and on the side. It has longer
hairs on its back, from head to tail, which set on end when it feels
threatened. This species is the most closely resembled to the domestic
Status: On IBAMA’s Official
List of Endangered Brazilian Mammals, CITES appendix II and undetermined
Main Threats: Loss of habitat
to harvesting and cattle grazing.