name: Leopardus tigrinus
Common name: Oncilla or Tiger
Behavior: nocturnal and solitary;
Habitat: savanna, dry shrubland,
savanna wetland, but mainly tropical and subtropical forests (including
Diet: Carnivore, mainly small
vertebrate like rodents and birds.
Geographic distribution: from the South of Costa Rica to
the North of Argentina. In Brazil they occur from the Amazon forest
to the Atlantic forest and to the Southern plains.
Breeding: gestation period is
70 to 74 days, the average litter is 2 (2-4).
Description: The smallest wild
cat in South America, averaging 50 cm (40 to 60cm), with a long
tail averaging 26 cm (20 to 32cm ) and average weight of 2,5 kg
(2-3,5kg). The coat color varies, ranging from light yellow to yellow-brown,
with several dark stripes across the tail and rosettes bearing dark
round spots on the side of the body. Melanism is a common occurrence.
Status: On IBAMA’s Official
List of Endangered Brazilian Mammals, CITES appendix II, not very
well know by UICN.
Main Threats: In the past it
was hunted for the fur, now habitat destruction remains the major