name: Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771)
Common name: Puma in Brazil:
Suçuarana, onça-parda, onça-vermelha );
(mainly) and diurnal, terrestrial, solitary;
Habitat: savanna, dry shrubland,
savanna wetland, but mainly in tropical and subtropical forests
(including riverine forests), both primary and secondary.
Diet: Carnivore, mainly small
vertebrates: rodents, birds and lizards, but they can feed on larger
animals like deer and hog.
Geographic distribution: from
west of Canada to the extreme south of the South-American continent
(except the Andes). They occur in all regions in Brazil, with the
exception of the south of Rio Grande do Sul.
Breeding: gestation period is
70 to 90 days, the average litter is 2 (1-6).
Description: The second largest
feline species in Brazil. The body is long and slim, with an average
length of 108 cm (90-153 cm), and a long tail averaging 61cm (46-81
cm). Adult males are heavier (55-65kg) than females (35-45 kg).
The coat is uniformly colored, ranging from light yellow to dark
reddish-brown. Kitten coat is quite dense, with round dark spots
that disappear when they reach six months of age.
Status: On IBAMA’s Official
List of Endangered Brazilian Mammals, CITES appendix II;
Main Threats: Altered habitat,
scarce prey availability. Ranchers tend to consider pumas as a threat
to livestock. Pumas are vulnerable because they return to their
kills, which can be poisoned.